How to maintain good oral health at age 65 and above?
As we get older, there are certain personal hygiene steps we tend to forget, dental hygiene seems to be one of them. Age on its own is not the only factor in determining oral health. Certain medical conditions such as arthritis in the hands and fingers may make the brushing process on its own difficult to perform. Some medications may also affect dental health and influence changes in dental treatment. Old age puts the aged people at risk for some oral health complications such as;
- Root decay. As gum tissues wear off the teeth, the teeth roots become more exposed. This makes it easier for the tooth root to be exposed to decay-causing acids.
- Gum diseases. It is the major cause of tooth loss. It is usually caused by plaques and worsened by leftover food in the mouth, use of tobacco, poor diets and some diseases conditions such as anaemia and diabetes.
- Thrush. This is an infection caused by the overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans in the mouth. It comes with white rashes and can be caused by diseases and drugs that affect the immune system.
- Darkened teeth. This is very common among the seniors. It can be caused by changes in the dentin, thinning of the outer enamel and a lifetime of consuming teeth-staining foods and beverages.
How to improve dental care for the seniors?
Oral health care has to do with multiple approaches all geared towards maintaining a clean, disease free and pain-free tooth. If you are responsible for taking care of an elderly one, it is important you establish a consistent oral healthcare routine:
- Brushing morning and night
Brushing is the most effective way to do away with dental plaques and avoid the bacteria that comes with it. The brush should be placed at 45o angle to the gum line and should be taken back and forth and in a circular motion. Ensure you use a soft tooth brush.
- Use fluoride toothpaste
High fluoride is recommended for the very aged people as it naturally protects the teeth against decay and strengthens the tooth enamel.
- Changes in dietary intake
The fact remains that tooth decay is directly related to the number of times sugar is taken rather than the amount taken thus its frequency should be reduce. Meals containing milk or cheese can help reduce tooth-decay causing acids. Encourage that enough water be taken after meals (especially sugary meals) and after taking medications.
- Visit dentist for regular check up
The person in charge of the senior one should make sure of this and get them a Humana Medicare Advantage plans 2019 with www.medicareadvantageplans2019.org/humana-medicare-advantage-plans-2019/. It is even recommended that a health professional perform an oral health assessment continuously.